Type Standards for the RiskScape System V1.0

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Type Standards for the RiskScape System

Type Standards for the RiskScape System

Asset Types

All assets used by RiskScape must be defined as one of the following asset types.

  • Agriculture
  • Buildings
  • Electricity Cables
  • Electricity Distribution Network
  • Electricity Substations
  • Electricity Transmission Structures
  • Network Junction Points
  • Open Space
  • On-Ground Reservoirs
  • Pipelines
  • Pump Stations
  • Railways
  • Roads
  • Telecommunication Cables
  • Telecommunication Equipment
  • Telecommunication Infrastructure
  • Telecommunication Transmission Structures
  • Treatment Plants
  • Waterways
  • Wells


Asset Attributes

Each asset database must specify the following attributes. Valuations (in italics) may be specified multiple times in a single database (eg day-time and night-time occupancy). For information on the possible values of each attribute, see below:
  • Agriculture ( )
  • Buildings ( Basement Levels, Building Earning Potential, Condition, Construction Type, Contents Value, Criticality, Deprivation Index, Floor Area, Floor Height, Floor Type, Footprint Area, Occupancy, Parapet, Plant Value, Replacement Cost, Roof Cladding Class, Roof Pitch, Services Value, Stock Value, Storeys, Use Category, Vehicle Value, Vehicles, Wall Cladding Class, Year of Construction, )
  • Electricity Cables ( Electricity Cable Conduction Material, Electricity Cable Insulation Material, Electricity Cable Type, Electricity Voltage Level, Length, )
  • Electricity Distribution Network ( )
  • Electricity Substations ( Condition, Electricity Substation Plant Components, Electricity Voltage Level, Floor Type, Seismic Restraining, Utilities Building Condition, Utilities Building Construction Type, Utilities Building Storeys, Utilities Building Year of Construction, Year of Construction, )
  • Electricity Transmission Structures ( Condition, Electricity Transmission Structure Type, Year of Construction, )
  • Network Junction Points ( Junction Type, Restraint, Year of Construction, )
  • Open Space ( Occupancy, )
  • On-Ground Reservoirs ( Seismic Restraining, )
  • Pipelines ( Depth, Diameter, Flexibility, Length, Importance Function, Pipe Capacity, Pipe Joint Type, Pipe Material, Pipe Support, Pipe Type, Replacement Cost, Service, Support, Year of Construction, )
  • Pump Stations ( Capacity, Floor Type, Seismic Restraining, Support, Utilities Building Condition, Utilities Building Construction Type, Utilities Building Storeys, Utilities Building Year of Construction, Year of Construction, )
  • Railways ( Lines, Operational Status, Railway Use Category, Replacement Cost, Rolling Stock, Year of Construction, )
  • Roads ( Occupancy, Replacement Cost, Road Class, Road Situation, Surface, Vehicles, Width, )
  • Telecommunication Cables ( Importance Function, Number of lines, Replacement Cost, Support, Year of Construction, )
  • Telecommunication Equipment ( Condition, )
  • Telecommunication Infrastructure ( Condition, )
  • Telecommunication Transmission Structures ( Condition, Year of Construction, )
  • Treatment Plants ( Capacity, Floor Type, Seismic Restraining, Support, Utilities Building Condition, Utilities Building Construction Type, Utilities Building Storeys, Utilities Building Year of Construction, Year of Construction, )
  • Waterways ( Accessibility, Lining, Replacement Cost, Waterway Type, )
  • Wells ( Capacity, Depth, )

Attribute Types

Attributes of assets are strictly defined, as per the table below. Values specified in asset datafiles which are converted to RiskScape modules must match the given categories or ranges. RiskScape asset modules will always present the category number or absolute value of the attribute depending on its type.



Type: Applies To: Category: Unit: Range:
Accessibility  
  Waterways
1 : Vehicular Access
2 : No Vehicular Access
- N/A
Basement Levels  
  Buildings
- 0 -
Building Earning Potential  
  Buildings
- NZ$ 0 -
Capacity  
  Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
Wells
- Ml/day 0 -
Condition  
  Buildings
Electricity Substations
Electricity Transmission Structures
Telecommunication Equipment
Telecommunication Infrastructure
Telecommunication Transmission Structures
1 : Sound
2 : Deficient
- N/A
Construction Type  
  Buildings
1 : Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall
2 : Reinforced Concrete Moment Resisting Frame
3 : Steel Braced Frame
4 : Steel Moment Resisting Frame
5 : Light Timber
6 : Tilt Up Panel
7 : Light Industrial
8 : Advanced Design
9 : Brick Masonry
10 : Concrete Masonry
11 : Unknown Residential
12 : Unknown Commercial
- N/A
Contents Value  
  Buildings
- NZ$ 0 -
Criticality  
  Buildings
1 : Not Critical
2 : Critical
- N/A
Deprivation Index  
  Buildings
1 : DI 1
2 : DI 2
3 : DI 3
4 : DI 4
5 : DI 5
6 : DI 6
7 : DI 7
8 : DI 8
9 : DI 9
10 : DI 10
- N/A
Depth  
  Pipelines
Wells
- m unbounded
Diameter  
  Pipelines
- mm 0 -
Electricity Cable Conduction Material  
  Electricity Cables
1 : Aluminium
2 : Copper
3 : Other
- N/A
Electricity Cable Insulation Material  
  Electricity Cables
1 : PILCA
2 : XLPE
3 : PILCA HDPE
4 : PVC
5 : NS
6 : TPS
7 : TPC
8 : PIAS
9 : Other
- N/A
Electricity Cable Type  
  Electricity Cables
1 : Overhead
2 : Buried
- N/A
Electricity Substation Plant Components  
  Electricity Substations
1 : Circuit Breaker(s)
2 : Disconnect Switch(s)
3 : Transformer(s)
4 : Circuit Breaker(s)/Disconnect Switch(s)
5 : Circuit Breaker(s) /Transformer(s)
6 : Disconnect Switch(s)/ Transformer(s)
7 : Circuit Breaker(s)/Disconnect Switch(s)/Transformer(s)
- N/A
Electricity Transmission Structure Type  
  Electricity Transmission Structures
1 : Steel Lattice
2 : Aluminium Lattice
3 : Tubular Steel
4 : Timber Monopole
5 : Timber Double Pole
6 : Timber Triple Pole
7 : Reinforced Concrete
8 : Reinforced Fibre Composite
- N/A
Electricity Voltage Level  
  Electricity Cables
Electricity Substations
1 : 11 kV
2 : 33 kV
3 : 66 kV
4 : 110 kV
5 : 220 kV
6 : 350 kV
7 : Other
- N/A
Flexibility  
  Pipelines
1 : Brittle
2 : Ductile
- N/A
Floor Area  
  Buildings
- 0 -
Floor Height  
  Buildings
- m unbounded
Floor Type  
  Buildings
Electricity Substations
Treatment Plants
Pump Stations
1 : Timber
2 : Concrete Slab
- N/A
Footprint Area  
  Buildings
- 0 -
Length  
  Electricity Cables
Pipelines
- m 0 -
Importance Function  
  Telecommunication Cables
Pipelines
1 : System
2 : Network Primary
3 : Network Distribution Primary
4 : Distribution Primary
5 : Rural Distribution Primary
6 : Secondary
7 : Rural Secondary
- N/A
Junction Type  
  Network Junction Points
1 : Valve
2 : Pump
3 : Transformer
4 : Switch/Distribution Box
5 : Other
- N/A
Lines  
  Railways
1 : Single
2 : Multiple
3 : Unknown
- N/A
Lining  
  Waterways
1 : Earth
2 : Concrete
3 : Timber
4 : Rock
5 : Natural
- N/A
Number of lines  
  Telecommunication Cables
- lines 0 -
Occupancy  
  Buildings
Roads
Open Space
- - N/A
Operational Status  
  Railways
1 : Operating
2 : Not Operating
3 : Unknown
- N/A
Parapet  
  Buildings
1 : No Parapet
2 : Has Parapet
- N/A
Pipe Capacity  
  Pipelines
- m3/sec 0 -
Pipe Joint Type  
  Pipelines
1 : Segmented
2 : Continuous
- N/A
Pipe Material  
  Pipelines
1 : PVC
2 : Ductile Iron
3 : PE
4 : GI
5 : CI
6 : GRP
7 : Copper
8 : Steel
9 : AC
10 : Concrete
11 : RC
12 : PP
13 : EW
14 : ABS
15 : Corrugated Aluminium
16 : Timber
17 : PB
- N/A
Pipe Support  
  Pipelines
1 : Exposed
2 : Buried
3 : On Seabed
4 : Exposed on Bridge
5 : Exposed at River Crossing
6 : Exposed on Ground
- N/A
Pipe Type  
  Pipelines
1 : Main
2 : Reticulation
3 : Bulk
4 : Submain
5 : Lateral
- N/A
Plant Value  
  Buildings
- NZ$ 0 -
Railway Use Category  
  Railways
1 : Passenger
2 : Freight
3 : Passenger and Freight
4 : Siding
5 : Tourist
6 : Other
7 : Unknown
- N/A
Replacement Cost  
  Buildings
Roads
Pipelines
Railways
Telecommunication Cables
Waterways
- NZ$ 0 -
Reservoir Material Type  
  On-ground Reservoirs
1 : Timber
2 : Steel
3 : Concrete
4 : Plastic
- N/A
Restraint  
  Network Junction Points
1 : Unrestrained
2 : Restrained
- N/A
Road Class  
  Roads
1 : Local
2 : Collector
3 : Minor Arterial
4 : Major Arterial
5 : Expressway/Motorway
- N/A
Road Situation  
  Roads
1 : Embankment
2 : Cutting
3 : Flat
4 : Abutment
5 : Bridge
- N/A
Rolling Stock  
  Railways
1 : Passenger
2 : Freight
3 : Passenger and Freight
4 : Tram
5 : Cable Car
6 : Other
7 : Unknown
- N/A
Roof Cladding Class  
  Buildings
1 : Clay/Concrete Tile
2 : Concrete Slab
3 : Membrane
4 : Metal Tile
5 : Other - Heavy
6 : Other - Light
7 : Sheet Metal
- N/A
Roof Pitch  
  Buildings
- degrees 0 - 89
Seismic Restraining  
  Electricity Substations
On-Ground Reservoirs
Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
1 : Anchored
2 : Unanchored
- N/A
Service  
  Pipelines
1 : Waste Water
2 : Potable Water
3 : Storm Water
4 : Gas
5 : Oil
6 : Steam
7 : Chemical
8 : Raw Water
- N/A
Services Value  
  Buildings
- NZ$ 0 -
Stock Value  
  Buildings
- NZ$ 0 -
Storage Capacity  
  On-ground Reservoirs
- m3 0 -
Storeys  
  Buildings
- no. of storeys 0 -
Support  
  Telecommunication Cables
Pipelines
Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
1 : Underground
2 : On-grade
3 : Suspended
4 : Overhead
- N/A
Surface  
  Roads
1 : Metalled
2 : Sealed
3 : Unmetalled
- N/A
Use Category  
  Buildings
1 : Residential Dwellings
2 : Commercial - Business
3 : Commercial - Accommodation
4 : Industrial - Manufacturing, Storage
5 : Industrial - Chemical, Energy, Hazardous
6 : Fast Moving Consumer Goods
7 : Government
8 : Territorial Authority/Civil Defence
9 : Lifeline Utilities
10 : Police
11 : Hospital, Clinic
12 : Fire Station
13 : Community
14 : Education
15 : Resthome
16 : Religious
17 : Forestry, Mining
18 : Farm
19 : Lifestyle
20 : Parking
21 : Clear Site
22 : Other
- N/A
Utilities Building Condition  
  Electricity Substations
Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
1 : Sound
2 : Deficient
- N/A
Utilities Building Construction Type  
  Electricity Substations
Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
1 : Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall
2 : Reinforced Concrete Moment Resisting Frame
3 : Steel Braced Frame
4 : Steel Moment Resisting Frame
5 : Light Timber
6 : Tilt Up Panel
7 : Light Industrial
8 : Advanced Design
9 : Brick Masonry
10 : Concrete Masonry
- N/A
Utilities Building Storeys  
  Electricity Substations
Treatment Plants
Pump Stations
- no. of storeys 0 -
Utilities Building Year of Construction  
  Electricity Substations
Pump Stations
Treatment Plants
- year 1800 -
Vehicle Value  
  Buildings
- - N/A
Vehicles  
  Buildings
Roads
- - N/A
Wall Cladding Class  
  Buildings
1 : Weatherboard
2 : Stucco, Roughcast
3 : Corrugated Iron
4 : Plastic
5 : Fibre Cement Sheet
6 : Fibre Cement Plank
7 : Reinforced Concrete
8 : Concrete Masonry
9 : Brick
10 : Glass
11 : Curtain Wall Glazing
12 : Sheet Metal
13 : Other Sheet - Combustible
14 : Other Sheet - Non-Combustible
15 : Other
- N/A
Waterway Type  
  Waterways
1 : Channel
2 : Utility Watercourse
- N/A
Width  
  Roads
- m 0 -
Year of Construction  
  Buildings
Electricity Substations
Electricity Transmission Structures
Network Junction Points
On-ground Reservoirs
Pipelines
Pump Stations
Railways
Telecommunication Cables
Telecommunication Transmission Structures
Treatment Plants
- year 1800 -


Attribute Qualities

Each asset attribute must be described by a quality level from the list below. This may be used by RiskScape to quantify the quality of the final result of an analysis
Index------NameDescription
1 Global knowledge Guessed from general understanding of assets
2 Derived - low reliability Derived by random selection from distributions - low reliability
3 Derived - high reliability Derived by random selection from distributions - high reliability
4 Supplied Supplied by a reliable agent on a building by building basis (eg council, QV, owner)
5 Observed Observed by a walk-by survey where only part of the asset is visible
6 Surveyed Surveyed by detailed inspection of the specific asset
7 Measured measured by reference to plans and engineering calculation


Exposure Types

Exposure types are the outputs from hazard models that RiskScape understands
    Type Comment Measurement Unit
  • Ashfall
  • Ashfall distribution 0:not present, 1:present
  • Ground Shaking Intensity
  • MMI
  • Peak Ground Acceleration
  • g
  • Inundation Depth
  • Depth above ground m
  • Inundation Duration
  • Length of Time Water is present at Location hours
  • Inundation Velocity
  • Water Flow Velocity m/s
  • Ash Thickness
  • mm
  • Ponding
  • Water is present at location 0:unlikely, 1:likely
  • Time to Drying
  • Time of last inundation since start of event s
  • Wind Velocity
  • Wind Flow Velocity m/s
  • Ground Displacement
  • Actual mass ground movement boolean (y/n)
  • Potential Ground Displacement
  • Probability of mass ground movement occuring at a given location probability
  • Pyroclastic Dynamic Pressure
  • Pressure exerted by the pyroclastic material kPa
  • Lava Thickness
  • Height of the coverage of lava m
  • Lahar Dynamic Pressure
  • Pressure exerted by the lahar material kPa
  • Edifice Height
  • Height of any post-eruption edifice present m
  • Cone Extent
  • Actual extent of a cone boolean (y/n)
  • Caldera or Maar Extent
  • Actual extent of a cone boolean (y/n)
  • Ballistics Distribution
  • The location of ballistic impact (TBC) location
  • Snow Thickness
  • Snow thickness above ground m
  • On Fire
  • Fire present at location boolean (y/n)
  • Soil Moisture Deficit
  • The amount of rain needed to bring the soil moisture content back to the lands capacity i.e. the volume of water the soil can hold against gravity mm
  • Drought
  • Drought present at location boolean (y/n)
  • Mean Hailstone Size
  • The average diameter of hailstones mm
  • Hail Present
  • Hailstones present at location boolean (y/n)
  • Liquefaction Severity Number
  • integer >=0 LSN
  • Liquefaction Susceptibility
  • Hazard Footprint
  • Hazard present at location


Loss Types

Fragility functions producing the following measures of loss must be supplied for each asset/hazard combination.
Human Losses Super-category; A measure of the detrimental effect on humans who are present in or at this asset of the asset's exposure to the hazardMeasured in people. Displayed as actual, ratio
No or light injury The person is either uninjured or only injured in ways that can be treated without trained medical assistance.(eg. bruising/contusion, minor cuts, sprains)
Moderate injury The person is injured such that they require expert treatment (paraprofessional or doctor), but which are not immediately life threatening if such treatment is not available.(eg. cuts requiring stitches, serious sprains, dislocations, significant burns (first degree, or second degree over small part of body), minor concussion (unconscious < 1 hr).)
Serious injury The person is injured such that they require a greater degree of medical care and use of medical technology such as x-rays or surgery, but not expected to progress to a life threatening status, full recovery expected with suitable treatment.(eg. open head or face wounds, concussion (unconscious > 1 hr), fractures (open, displaced or comminuted), dehydration or exposure, serious burns (third degree, or second degree over large part of body))
Critical injury The person sustains injuries that pose an immediate life threatening condition if not treated adequately and expeditiously, or long-term disability.(eg. brain damage, spinal column injuries, nerve injuries, crush syndrome, internal organ failures due to crushing, organ puncture, other internal injuries, uncontrolled bleeding, traumatic amputations of arms or legs)
Dead The person sustains injuries leading to immediate death.
Exposed State State based loss; Whether or not an asset is exposed to the hazard (as opposed to affected by it)
-1: Unknown Outside of the modelled area
0: Not Exposed Inside the modelled area but hazard indicates zero intensity
1: Exposed Inside the modelled area and greater than zero hazard intensity
Damage State State based loss; A measure of the extent to which the asset is damaged
0: None No damage
1: Insignificant Minor non-structural damage
2: Light Non-structural damage only
3: Moderate Reparable structural damage.
4: Severe Irreparable structural damage.
5: Critical Structural integrity fails.
Human Displacement State based loss; A measure of the extent to which humans and human activities are displaced by exposure of the asset to the hazard
0: None No or minimal evacuation necessary (less than one day).
1: One day to one week Evacuation necessary but reoccupation possible after less than a week.
2: One week to one month Evacuation necessary and reoccupation not possible for between a week and a month.
3: One month to six months Evacuation necessary and reoccupation not possible for between one and six months.
4: Greater than six months Evacuation necessary and reoccupation not possible for more than six months.
Human Susceptibility State based loss; A measure of the susceptibility to injury (damage) of a hypothetical human present in or at the asset
0: Insignificant The hazard will not threaten anyone; only those who deliberately put themselves at risk are susceptible to injury.(eg. people who go to the beach to watch tsunami arrive)
1: Low Only those caught in exceptional circumstances are susceptible to injury.(eg. )
2: Medium Only the most vulnerable are directly susceptible to injury.(eg. )
3: High Those who can move to a protective environment are unlikely to be susceptible to injury but others will be.(eg. )
4: Extreme Even the least vulnerable people (fit able-bodied) are highly likely to be susceptible to injury.(eg. catastrophic building collapse, flash flood)
Reinstatement Cost Super-category; Encompasses all direct costs caused by exposure of the asset to the hazardMeasured in $. Displayed as actual
Asset Repair Cost Costs incurred in restoring the asset to its pre-event state
Contents Repair Cost Costs incurred in returning the contents (if any) of the asset to their pre-exposure state
Services Repair Cost Costs incurred in returning the services (if any) of the asset to their pre-exposure state
Plant Repair Cost Costs incurred in returning the plant (if any) of the asset to their pre-exposure state
Stock Replacement Cost Costs incurred in returning the stock (if any) held at the asset to their pre-exposure state
Cleanup Cost Costs incurred for necessary demolition, and/or removing debris, silt, effluent etc from an asset
Disruption Cost Costs incurred due to the disruption of activities usually conducted in the asset
Vehicle Cost Costs incurred due to the damage of vehicles located at the asset
Functional Downtime Productive time lost due to the impact of the hazard on the asset.Measured in person-days
Probability of Failure Probability of a failure occurring.Measured in %
Recovery Time The number of days it will take to have the asset repaired to operable level.Measured in person-days


Hazard Types

Hazard types and the exposures they may generate
  • Earthquake ( Ground Shaking Intensity, Peak Ground Acceleration, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Fault Rupture ( Hazard Footprint, )
  • Flood ( Inundation Depth, Inundation Duration, Inundation Velocity, Ponding, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Landslide ( Ground Displacement, Potential Ground Displacement, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Liquefaction ( Liquefaction Severity Number, Liquefaction Susceptibility, )
  • Storm Surge ( Inundation Depth, Inundation Duration, Inundation Velocity, Ponding, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Storm Tide ( Inundation Depth, Inundation Duration, Ponding, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Subsidence ( Hazard Footprint, )
  • Tsunami ( Inundation Depth, Inundation Duration, Inundation Velocity, Ponding, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Volcanic Ashfall ( Ashfall, Ash Thickness, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Volcanic Pyroclastic Density Current ( Pyroclastic Dynamic Pressure, Ash Thickness, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Volcanic Lava Flow ( Lava Thickness, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Volcanic Lahar ( Lahar Dynamic Pressure, Inundation Depth, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Volcanic Edifice ( Edifice Height, Cone Extent, Caldera or Maar Extent, )
  • Volcanic Ballistics ( Ballistics Distribution, )
  • Wind ( Wind Velocity, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Coastal Erosion ( Ground Displacement, Potential Ground Displacement, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Snowfall ( Snow Thickness, Hazard Footprint, )
  • Wildfire ( On Fire, )
  • Drought ( Drought, Soil Moisture Deficit, )
  • Hailstorm ( Mean Hailstone Size, Hail Present, )